In order to
carry out its mandate, UNDOF maintains an area of separation, which is over 75 kilometres
(46.6 miles) long and varies in width between approximately 10 kilometres (6.21
miles) in the centre to 200 meters (0.12 miles) in the extreme south. The
terrain is hilly and is dominated in the north by Mount Hermon, which is the
location of the globe’s highest permanently manned United Nations position at
an altitude of 2,814 meters (1,75 miles).
On each side
of the area of separation there is an area of limitation with three zones; a
zone of 0 to 10 kilometres (6.21 miles) from the area of separation, a zone of
10 (6.21 miles) to 20 kilometres (12.43 miles) from the area of separation, and
a zone of 20 (12.43 miles) to 25 kilometres (15.53 miles) from the area of
separation. UNDOF with the support of UNTSO’s Observer group Golan (OGG) continuously
inspects and monitors these areas of limitation in order to ascertain that the
agreed limitations in armaments and forces are being observed.
responsibility for governance and policing in the area of separation remains
with the Host Nation notwithstanding the presence of various armed groups
within the area. In September 2014, due to the evolving Syrian conflict, UNDOF
was required to reconfigure and consequently implement its mandate in a
modified manner weighted on the A-Side. UNDOF’s deployment today consists of a
total of twelve positions – seven of which are in the AOS.
battalion (NEPCON) occupies the Northern sector of the area of separation while
the Fijian Battalion (FB), Irish Contingent and OGG are deployed to the South.
The Irish contingent also makes up the UNDOF’s force reserve (FRC) and is based
in Camp Ziouani. Mine clearance operations are conducted by the force reserve explosives
element under the operational control of UNDOF Headquarters. UNDOF is also assisted
in its Mission by the 77 military observers of UNTSOs Observer Group Golan
(OGG) who are under the operational command of the Force Commander.
Headquarters is located at Camp Yafour and an administrative office is
maintained in Damascus (ROD). Logistic support to UNDOF is provided by the Indian
contingent based in Camp Ziouani. They perform the second-line general
transport tasks, rotation transport, control and management of goods received
by UNDOF and maintenance of heavy equipment. First-line logistic support is
internal to the contingents and includes transport of supplies to the
modified deployment, UNDOF continues to carry out its mandate supervising the
area of separation and intervening where possible whenever military personnel
enter or try to operate therein. This intervention is done through the
formulation and submission of a violation reports per the UNDOF disengagement
the last 18 months UNDOF has adopted a new posture it continues to carry out
its mandate and monitors the area of separation and limitation. The Force
intent remains to be one that envisages a return to the AOS when the
operational environment allows.