The United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) was established by Security Council resolution 350 (1974) of 31 May 1974 to:

  • Maintain the ceasefire between Israel and Syria;
  • Supervise the disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces; and
  • Supervise the areas of separation and limitation, as provided in the May 1974 Agreement on Disengagement.

Since then, the mandate of UNDOF has been renewed every six months. Resolution 2639(2022) adopted by the Security Council at its 9076th meeting on 27 June 2022 , noting with concern that the situation in the Middle East is tense and is likely to remain so, unless and until a comprehensive settlement covering all aspects of the Middle East problem can be reached, decided to renew the mandate of UNDOF for a period of six months, that is, until 31 December 2022. This extension was decided based on the reports of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) of 18 March 2022 (S/2022/247) and 1 June 2022 (S/2022/447), and also reaffirming its resolution 1308(2000) of July 2000.